Should We Be Surprised?
- It is no surprise that ELSs of words can be found in texts of any language and that on
any given cylinder size, there will be windows where there will be a number of ELSs grouped together.
- Given a set of words, it is no surprise that for a long enough text, there will be ELSs of those
words that form in a seemingly compact arrangement on some window of some cylinder.
- ELSs of interesting words do not constitute a code.
- If a table is a Torah code, then it will have a set of ELSs that are in an unusually compact arrangement.
- Unusually compact can only be measure by the probability that an arrangement as compact or better would happen by chance.
- Probability can only be estimated by an experiment with a well defined experimental protocol
in which every aspect of the computation and search that is done for the Torah text is identically done for every monkey text.
- Only if the probability of an as compact arrangement happening by chance is sufficiently small should we be surprised.
- All probability statements must be put in a statistical hypothesis testing mode where there is
a clear statement about the Null hypothesis that is being tested and what the Alternative hypothesis
is against which the Null hypothesis is being tested.
The Torah Code Hypothesis
The Torah code hypothesis states:
- when using the 5 books of the Torah Hebrew text as it exists today
- with probability higher than expected by chance,
- a priori key words which are logically/ historically related
- tend to have their ELSs in a more compact arrangement on a code cylinder
- whose size resonates with a low rank skip ELS of one or more of the primary logically/ historically related words
- and are redundantly encoded